When the cook tastes the soup, that's formative; when the guests taste the soup, that's summative. — Stake, R.

Assessing the Whole Child: Throughout January 2012, ASCD  took a look at how assessments can serve a whole child approach to education and inform-not drive-school improvement efforts. Listen to a two-part Whole Child Podcast series on the meaning and types and future of assessment, featuring author Nancy Frey, #Edchat founder Tom Whitby, principal Peter DeWitt, researcher Susan Brookhart, Rhode Island Commissioner of Elementary and Secondary Education Deborah Gist, and ASCD Director of Public Policy David Griffith. A formal assessment presentation was made to the School Committee.